Women can choose heavy knit cable sweaters, soft and lightweight Angora or soft wool. They may choose cardigans in different lengths, which can extend down to the knees if the wearer chooses. A summer sweater akin to a cardigan is a shrug where the sweater is made much shorter, usually without buttons and gathered in the front with a tie of the fabric or small delicate buttons. Women may choose all types of pullovers.
Men’s choices of sweaters are even simpler, and the material is generally heavier and the design is usually a pullover, though they may choose from some cardigans. Have at least one favorite sweater handy that makes the man feel good and bails him out when he can’t figure out what to wear.
Blue jeans are versatile and comfortable, and can easily be combined with dressier shoes, sneakers, sandals, or loafers to make for a great sporty look.
Dark blue jeans or black jeans work with everything, except formal work environments, according to TheChicFasnionista.com. The fashion website goes on to inform readers that everyone also needs to more casual jeans for hanging out with friends and relaxing.
Women have the additional option of purchasing a suit with pants or a skirt for the bottom, and sometimes they may choose both so they can add variety. Women have more leeway in business dress since it is more accepted for women to mix and match, but it is essential to have a good dark, single-breasted, properly fitting jacket that matches with different pants and skirts. What a woman needs for her workday is a sharp jacket and a good handbag, said Susan Rolontz, a noted retail consultant, to The Washington Post.
Create a Croquis
- Find models in fashion magazines or online images that offer clean, natural poses. The croquis is the mannequin of the page. This form can be “dressed” with any fashion sketch you add. A simple pose is ideal because it drives attention to the clothes, not the figure.
- Begin with a basic grid that will help you keep proportions in check. The grid lines can be erased easily, but some fashion sketch artists like to leave in the lines as reference points.
- Decide how to draw the croquis model. There are a couple ways to do this. Either draw the model freehand or trace the pose from an image. Trace the image by following the basic shapes of the model. The croquis fashion sketch should resemble a wooden art model, devoid of facial features and fine details.
- Draw the croquis using basic shapes: ovals for the head, hands and feet; circles for joints; triangles meeting in the middle for the waist, and lines to connect the shapes together. This can be accomplished by drawing freehand or by outlining the shapes from a clear image using tracing paper.
Create the Fashion Sketch
- Trace your croquis. The initial model that you draw serves as the foundation for countless fashion sketches. Use tracing paper or a light box to copy the model for each style drawing you create.
- Build your fashion sketch by adding the clothing designs.
- Apply the general design drawing rules to the image. Seam lines should be drawn with a solid line, while top stitching requires dotted lines. Zippers require dotted lines as well, but invisible zippers are indicated by the presence of a zipper pull.
- Add texture and movement. This process includes adding pleats, folds, patterns and gathers in the design. Pleats and folds should be slightly darker and shorter than the rest of the seam. Uneven lines suggest fullness and gathers. Patterns should follow the shape of the garment.
- Include the back view and the inside of the garment. The back view can be a thumbnail image in the fashion sketch. The underside of the design is typically identified with slightly darker shading.
Facts About Pay
- The BLS reports that the average pay for all models was $26,600 per year as of May 2013. The top 10 percent of earners made at or above $45,200 per year, while the bottom 10 percent made $16,460 or less. However, top-end pay runs much higher than any of those figures. For example, Brazilian model Gisele Bündchen earned $45 million during a one-year period from May 1, 2011 to May 1, 2012, according to an article in Forbes. That topped the list of top-paid models for the period. If you want to achieve elite pay, develop a career with Victoria’s Secret. The lingerie chain produced about half of the top-paid models featured in the Forbes earnings list.
- Many models don’t have a big window of opportunity to earn a living. A typical fashion model career might last as little as three seasons, or roughly one-and-a-half years, according to “The New York Times.” Despite the growth opportunities noted by the BLS, models competed for only 5,470 jobs as of May 2013. Clothing stores are far and away the largest employer of models, accounting for 3,700 of the jobs. However, this sector had low average pay at $19,300 per year as of May 2013.
Everything in Order
- The first step when listing descriptions of outfits in the show is to determine their order. Write each one down, beginning with the name of the model. It’s easier if each model is wearing just one look. But if any or all models are walking more than once, sequence the lineup in a way that gives maximum time to change clothes. Include information about how some pieces typify a seasonal trend, in case the commentator needs to stretch out remarks to give the next model more time to appear. “Despite the fact that the outfit is right in front of the attendees’ eyes, people like to hear fun facts about a beautiful piece of clothing,” says Debbie Norrell, a veteran fashion model, longtime fashion show organizer and commentator, and lifestyle editor for the “New Pittsburgh Courier.”
Fleshing It Out
- Now that you’ve determined who is going when, fill in some critical details. The most important part of the description is who designed the clothes, so write down the brand or label. Next, add details about what people see, such as the fabric content and unusual embellishments — for example, whether the rabbit fur trim on a jacket is real or faux; dyed or the natural color. Explain that the glimmer in a sweater is Lurex, embroidery or something else. Anticipate the audience’s basic questions and concisely answer them, including information such as whether a garment is washable.”Perhaps the garment is made from some unique material that is not evident to the eye,” adds Norrell. “Does the garment travel well? Where can I wear it? How can I incorporate it into my wardrobe and wear it with existing pieces? One must remember that not everyone knows fashion in and out.”
Explain the Cost
- Fashion show spectators usually want to know how much something costs, so include prices in the script. It’s also relevant and helpful to note where in stores, online or elsewhere you can purchase the pieces. If a price will be provided only upon special request — sometimes the case with extremely expensive fashion — then say so. Some shows are planned with the intent of selling merchandise on the spot. If items can be purchased right off the runway, let the audience know.
Wrapping It Up
- Avoid stating the obvious, such as the color of a garment, because spectators can see that for themselves. Instead, enhance the description by putting the ensemble in context, such as noting whether something is a timeless classic or a hot trend. Your finished run-of-show should be concise, yet thorough and pleasing to the ear. For example: “Vanessa wears a black jersey wrap dress by Georgia Grant, a classic silhouette that flatters every figure. It’s $300 at Diva Dresses. The turquoise necklace and pierced earrings set by Trudy are $160; the hand-carved mahogany bracelet by Fireside Designs is $95, and the canvas and burlap platform wedges by Shoe-In — a wardrobe must-have this season — are $150; all from Finishing Touches Boutique. This is an ensemble that can easily go from the office to an evening function.”
- GET PHOTOS OF YOURSELF:
Have someone take photos of you. They do not have to be professional. Do not wear any makeup so that modeling agencies can see exactly what you look like. Try wearing p pair of jeans and a tank top to show your body type. Have someone take photos of you and make copies so that you can send to multiple modeling agencies.
- FIND A LIST OF MODELING AGENCIES:
Find a list of modeling agencies to send your photos to. Look for agencies in both your local area or even major cities if you would be available to travel to see them if selected to come in for an open call or interview. You can find a list of modeling agencies at http://www.allmodeling.com
- BE PREPARED AND PRACTICE FASHION MODELING MOVEMENTS:
Now that you have sent your photos to modeling agencies, you will need to be prepared for if you get called to come in for and open call or interview with a modeling agent. Go buy fashion magazine and study the photos of the models. Look at how the models pose and try to imitate the poses in the mirror. This will help you to become more comfortable taking fashion poses and working with fashion photographers. Learn runway modeling by watching runway shows and even watching America’s Next Top Model Show. You can get some good tips from watching the show.
- APPLY TO FASHION MODELING JOBS YOURSELF:
While you are waiting to hear back from modeling agencies, find a list of free casting calls and auditions for fashion modeling jobs and apply to them. You can try and work a few fashion modeling jobs to build a modeling portfolio and resume. You can also find a list of free casting calls at:
- Fashion male models: These men grace the runways in the finest and most sought after threads from world-famous designers. Male fashion models must have an eye-catching face, toned body, a great walk and be able to wear anything from a casual polo shirt and khaki shorts to a suit and tie.
Height: 5-foot-11 to 6-foot-2 (there is such a thing as being too tall, although there are exceptions to the rule)
Weight: 140 to 165 pounds
Measurements: 40 regular to 42 long
- Commercial/print male models: Commercial/print male models represent the everyday guy — the businessman, the best friend, the athletic or outdoorsy type. This type of male model appears in everything from billboards to magazine ads and catalogues.
Height: Varies, but typically still leans towards being 5-foot-9 and taller
Weight: 140 to 165 pounds
- Editorial male models: This type of modeling involves appearing in the many editorial ads found in high fashion magazines. The male model showcases the outfit or accessories the fashion industry feels will be the next big trend. While these jobs don’t pay as much, it is a fast way to build up a portfolio with tearsheets.
Requirements: Same as a fashion male model.
- Regardless of the type of male model you meet the requirements for, all male models must have good skin, be proportional, maintain clean and groomed fingernails, toes, hair and facial hair.
- Learn the necessary techniques to become a successful designer. Many employers will require a two- to four-year degree from designers they hire, and many colleges offer some sort of degree in fashion design. In this course of study you will learn about color, fabric selection, pattern making and computer aided design. You will also learn about different types of design. A degree is not a requirement to get started in children’s clothing design, and many designers begin by speaking to young mothers and watching what kids are wearing.
- Open your business. Entrepreneur Magazine estimates startup costs for a children’s clothing design business to be $10,000-$50,000, but if you’re starting small you just need the necessary sewing equipment and enough money to buy fabric to make your samples. After you get orders you’ll spend more money completing them, but you’ll also be making sales to recoup those funds.
If you are finishing a degree, instead of opening up a business you may look for a job. Many new designers will start out working below the head designers in more technical jobs like pattern making and sewing, in addition to some design.
- Design and sew a prototype, which is a sample you will show to potential customers. Designers spend a lot of time researching fashion trends and predicting what will be in style, either though their own research or through purchasing textile fashion reports. You can also attend trade shows and purchase fabrics, which are often designed during the time that designers are sketching their newest collections.
- Market your products. When a collection is approved, the designer shows the collection at fashion shows or in a showroom, where she takes orders from retailers. A small business designer can bring her collection to trade shows and craft fairs, or show them to local children’s boutiques. She can also open up an online shop or sell through online marketplaces such as Ebay.com and Etsy.com. Another marketing idea is to host a fashion show in your home and invite neighborhood parents. Get their children to model the fashions.
- Take and complete orders. This is where production begins and the collection moves into the sewing phase. Merchandise is usually ready to ship about six months after orders are taken, in time for the new retail season. There are usually two market dates–around August for the spring line and around March for the fall line. As production begins, the designers will already be completing their collections for the next season. Small business owners may take orders and complete them immediately for friends and neighbors.
How to Become a Model Manager
- Learn about the industry and how it works. Work for a year or so at an agency or management company. You’ll learn the ins and out of the how things work by watching others.
- Find some office space to set up your business at. Decide what type of modeling manger you want to be; children, print, fashion, fitness, men, all. Hold an open casting call to find talent. Network at industry events and parties to get to know agents.
- Groom your clients. Set up individual meetings and go over what each model needs to work on. Give each client a “to do list” and tell them to have the items completed within two weeks. Schedule a follow up meeting to go over the alterations.
- Schedule photo shoots for each client to get her zed card and headshot photos. Pick the best photos and work on their layouts and resume’s. Contact agents and set up meetings for your clients. You need your clients to be represented by agents as agents are the ones who actually get the work for models and negotiate contracts. As a manager you are there merely to manage and groom.
- Give your clients career advice and coaching sessions as they start to get agents and go-sees or auditions. Continue to look for promising talent and start their process. As your clients begin to work and become recognized so will your company. Their reputation is your reputation. Good luck!
In addition to height and measurements, age is a major issue for casting directors. Victoria’s Secret looks for models with longevity, so older models are typically not considered, unless they already have a solid foot in the fashion industry. Victoria’s Secret focuses on younger women, but not too young; new models should be at least 18, but not older than 22.
The most important part of a Victoria’s Secret model’s appearance is her face. Full lips, a small nose, high cheekbones and chiseled features are the most common facial characteristics of Victoria’s Secret models.
- Fashion designers who draw their collections frequently use materials that can be found in most art, craft and hobby supply stores. These tools include sketch pads, charcoal pencils, colored pencils, felt pens, putty rubber for erasing, cartridge paper and B, 2B and 4B pencils.
- Sketching can run the gamut from a quick, rough drawing to very detailed, lifelike figures. Fashion designers sketch clothing to put their vision for a collection on paper. Unless the sketches will be sent to a seamstress or manufacturing facility, they need not be technical, neat or intricately detailed. Often, fashion designers make notes on their sketches to denote what fabric and cuts they want for the finished piece.
- Fashion silhouettes are pre-made blank clothing templates. Most designers that use these are focused on the colors, fabric and patterns of a piece, rather than the cut or design. Silhouettes are often used to design lingerie, swimwear and outerwear.
- Designers who want to focus more on pattern, color, fabric and cut than drawing an actual body often use figure templates. These templates are often blank bodies, with no coloring, features or hair. Designers can add these details if they wish, though many choose not to. Figure templates can be found for free, though they can also be downloaded for a price, typically costing less than $5 each.
- CAD, or computer-aided drafting, is being used more frequently by fashion designers to draw clothing. This is the preferred method for many designers that are computer-savvy but not skilled at making sketches and detailed paper drawings. CAD allows fashion designers to render a more realistic representation of their clothing, and some programs can even make 3D clothing sketches.
Creating your own Lolita fashion clothes is easy as long as you have the right materials and tools. Minimal sewing skills are needed, but be sure you know how to work a sewing machine. This trend originated in Japan in the Kansai region and trickled over to Tokyo, where it became very popular among youths in the 1990s. Lolita fashion takes inspiration from Victorian clothing, with lace, tulle and plaid playing large roles. These details take on a very child-like appearance–thus the name “Lolita,” as in the young female character created by author Vladimir Nabokov. The Lolita fashion trend has spread to parts of the Western world, where it has earned its place as a subculture.
- Set yourself up as a formal corporation. Have an attorney vet your contracts, both with models and clients, even if they are drawn from boilerplate agreements. Make sure your tax documents and other legal filings are done properly.
- Do research. Read fashion magazines. Go to runway shows. Peruse fashion photographer’s websites. Watch model- and fashion-oriented TV shows. An aspiring agency owner must be current on what the marketplace trends are, and there is arguably no more trend-oriented business than the fashion industry.
- Put together a client roster. A successful model must be photogenic, look good in a variety of clothing styles, possess an age-appropriate level of emotional maturity, and most importantly, project something unique and engaging to the viewer.
- Create promotion materials. Effective “branding” is as important as the quality of your clients, so make sure your logo, brochures, modeling cards, etc., are eye-catchy and easily identifiable.
- Set up a website with photos of every one of your clients. Make sure it is well-designed and user-friendly.
- Promote your agency. List your agency on modeling agency portals. Make direct contact with fashion houses, photographers, casting directors, advertising agencies, etc.
- Urban fashion made a strong impact during the 1980’s and into the early 90’s. Street-inspired fashion known as “grunge” was born in Seattle and rocketed into mainstream via Kurt Colbain and other musical icons. This look, known for it’s worn-out and grime-ridden appearance, officially mainstreamed when design great Mark Jacobs previewed his now infamous “grunge line.”
- Fashion is usually conceived by designers. Styles then filter downward to the people through channels of marketing and distribution. Through a trickle down effect fashions takes hold. Urban wear originates on the street. First worn by people and then copied by designers who interpret looks redelivering them to the people through marketing and distribution points.
- The appeal of urban fashion including hip hop style is that it moves in the opposite direction of traditional fashion and often becomes a source of pride to the community or segment of the population who developed the look.
- You pull off urban fashion well when you reflect the tempo and feel of the moment. The goal is to create a blend of fashion and style that expresses the mood of the day. For inspiration check out the rags on local musicians, regional sport stars and street kids in the trendy districts of your city. It is a movement of individuality not mass acceptance so always strive to be authentic to yourself.
- A perception exists that grunge emerged in the early 1990s. However, according to Michael Lavine, who compiled a photographic documentary of the grunge scene, the ’90s was the end. He states that was “when Seattle’s best cultural brew was watered down, piped out to the masses and sold at a steep profit.” Like any movement from the street, once it is mainstreamed, it has ended.
- Black clothing is very slimming, especially black dresses and black pants. Wearing black is a tried and true, and traditional way of appearing slimmer, but other dark colors such as dark brown, navy, burgundy and dark purple can also have the same effect. While plus size women can and should experiment with a variety of colors, dark colors tend to be the most flattering.
In addition, it is also slimming to wear all one color, especially if the color is dark. When a woman wears all one color, imperfections can be hidden.
- Stay away from horizontal stripes, which tend to make a person’s figure look wider. Instead, choose clothing that has vertical stripes, which can give a woman’s figure a more elongated appearance. Vertical pin stripe suits can be extremely flattering and slimming for heavier women.
- When choosing a skirt, stay away from oversized skirts, which can make a plus-size woman look larger than she actually is. Loose and flowing skirts can also have the same effect, because they can add bulk to the body. Instead, wear skirts that are form fitting in the hips and goes straight down from the hips. This skirt style helps a plus-size woman’s body appear more proportionate. Wearing a skirt that stops just below the knees can also have a slimming effect, because it tends to make the body look slimmer and taller.
- Wearing a V-neck shirt can also be slimming, especially for plus-size women. It draws attention to the bust instead of the bulk of the body. In addition, tops and dresses with empire lines can also draw attention to the bust instead of bulky areas like the stomach.
Pants and trousers that zip up on the side also give the appearance of a flatter stomach, and tops that fit well beneath the hips can give the illusion of a smaller and slimmer frame. Tops with sleeves can make arms appear slimmer, so plus-size women should stay away from capped sleeves and sleeveless tops, which can put an emphasis on any flabbiness on the arms.
- Accessories can also be used to create a slimming effect. Carrying a large-sized handbag can give a larger frame a smaller appearance, and wearing a variety of chunky necklaces with v-neck tops can also created a slimming effect.
It is important to note that regardless of a woman’s size, she can benefit from the latest fashion designs. Women just need to pay attention to what clothing styles and trends are flattering on them when they shop.
- Dress to accentuate what you like the most about your body. For example, if you are proud of your waist, wear tops or dresses that cinch with a high belt to accentuate this feature.
- Do not wear frumpy clothing to hide your body. Instead, choose your favorite physical aspects and draw attention to them. For example, if you dislike your stomach but feel you have shapely legs, wear a flowing top with shorts, a skirt or tight pants.
- Establish a personal style. Choose a celebrity or a friend whose clothing choices you admire and build a similar wardrobe. Developing a cohesive fashion sense influenced by several similar sources will allow you to put together streamlined outfits.
- Choose an era to emulate when deciding on a personal style. Inexpensive retro fashion items are often available at thrift stores and can help you express yourself through your clothes while also appearing classy and stylish. Common retro fashion choices include outfits influenced by the 1950s, 60s or 70s.
- Screen your closet for unnecessary items and get rid of anything you haven’t worn in the last year. Keeping old clothes that you selected when you had different taste or a different job will prevent you from trying new and more flattering looks.
- Be picky when choosing the color of your clothing. Decide which shades look best on you and purchase the majority of your clothing within this range. For example, people with fair skin and blonde hair may look better in warmer colors, such as those with red or yellow undertones, than in cool colors with blue undertones; and they may look better in pastels than in dark colors, such as black.
- Set a clothes budget, and try to set aside some of that budget for a few key, high-quality items. If you buy the majority of your clothes at secondhand shops or discount outlets, you can purchase popular brands for lower prices. This will make it easier to find room in your budget for a few more expensive items, such as a high-quality, attractive pair of shoes or a classic coat.
- Introduce variety to your style. Often women get in the habit of wearing a single type of outfit. Make yourself feel more attractive and show off your looks by mixing up the outfits you wear; for example, if you usually don jeans, a T-shirt, and sneakers, try adding dresses and sandals to your regular wardrobe.
- Flip through fashion magazines and department store catalogs to learn about the different ways plus-size models over 35 are depicted. Scan photo credits and read the small print to learn which agencies, photographers and art directors appear to work well with plus-size models or models over 35. Targeting your focus when reaching out in the modeling industry to build professional networks results in less wasted time.
- Measure your figure in preparation for building a modeling portfolio. Generally, plus-size models range in size 12 to 14 for print advertising, and size 12 to 24 for runway modeling. Plus-size models should still be toned and exhibit an appealing personal appearance. Put together a basic modeling portfolio showcasing your physical assets. Don’t attempt to disguise wrinkles or other blemishes with artsy lighting; modeling agencies look for clean, clear shots to evaluate your presentation.
- Attend casting calls, audition and compete in model-search contests. Learn about upcoming events by reading industry publications, joining social networking sites featuring plus-size models or models over 35, and regularly checking in with your agent, if you’ve acquired one along the way. Some plus-size clothing companies, such as Torrid, run national model search competitions. Prizes may not include a major contract with a modeling agency, but you’ll still score perks like participating in fashion shows and face time with industry professionals.
- Exude confidence with a warm smile, direct eye contact and proud posture. Modern media celebrates women over 35 as “cougars” with great style, poise and sex appeal, so there’s no need to assume a style or modeling persona that’s not your own. Being honest and comfortable with your size and age creates in irresistible appeal.